• Capoliveri, Elba Island
  • 02/10/2021
  • info@elbaisland2021.org

Local Plan and Geographical Presentation

Some basic info to guide your visit to Elba.

The Island of Elba is the third largest Italian island, behind Sicily and Sardinia. She boasts a total area of 230 square kilometers and a perimeter of about 147 linear kilometers. Among her many natural wonders are beautiful creeks, cliffs, golden sandy beaches (and many other shades, including black!) and imposing granite cliffs.

Elba is divided into seven municipalities that all belong to the Province of Livorno:

  • Portoferraio
  • Rio
  • Porto Azzurro
  • Capoliveri
  • Campo nell'Elba
  • Marciana
  • Marciana Marina

The islands of Montecristo and Pianosa belong to the municipalities of Campo and Portoferraio in Elba, respectively. The other islands of the Tuscan Archipelago (Gorgona, Capraia, Giglio and Giannutri) belong to other jurisdictions.

Since 1996, Elba has been the capital of the Tuscan Archipelago National Park. Since 1991, it has been a part of the Cetacean Sanctuary – Pelagos. This is a very special protected marine area that includes the sea between Italy, France and Monaco.

How to get to Elba

The island can be reached all year round from the port of Piombino, in Tuscany. The boat trip takes just about one hour and you will sail between the gorgeous islets of Cerboli and Palmaiola, enjoying the panoramic views of the island of Capraia. To keep you company along the way, the hungry gulls and seabirds will circle above you, calling down for cookies and snacks.

Be aware: there is a high probability that you will spot shearwaters, gannets and dolphins along the way!

By plane, it is quite easy to get to Elba by landing at the airport La Pila, which is near Marina di Campo.

Why do you Visit Elba?

Lush, pristine beaches of all types and colors, history, art and culinary traditions are that you won’t find elsewhere on the planet. The most crystal clear waters you can imagine surround Elba, Italy, stunning wilderness, and a welcoming atmosphere that makes you feel at home.

A different sea every day. In Elba, you can choose between cliffs, rocks, or sand beaches. The sand varies in color from white to gold to red to black. The rocks? They range from gravel to stones to steep cliffs. Tomorrow on your Elba holiday you could snorkel off the coast of the Island of Ortano. Then, driven by the thrill of exploration, you can conquer the wild coves of the Innamorata and Calanova, reachable only by boat. Maybe you’re inclined to try windsurfing in Chiessi, or perhaps you want to relax on the beach, lulled by magical light dancing across clear waters.

The Island of Elba has something for everyone. Elba Island, Italy is a fabulous host and will satisfy the desires of every visitor. Families can plunge into holidays in Elba packed with fun at the beach. Backpackers can quench their thirst for exploration by camping Elba, while those who seek relaxation will find it in the town of La Zanca and Costa dei Gabbiani. And at night, be enchanted by the colors and sounds from the bustling street markets of Porto Azzurro. The Isle of Elba invites you to envelop and rejuvenate yourself in her vibrant spirit.

Leave the gray behind and dive into the colors of “isola Elba.” Just gaze up at the sky in Elba on a winter’s day and you will be amazed at the vibrancy of the colors that are the essence of this island. From the flaming dawn of Rio to the northeastern blue skies on a windy day to the sunsets of Pomonte, every day is unique and spectacular. The color palette of Elba, Tuscany is infinite. Enjoy the colorful blooming flowers of spring, the infinite shades of blue in the sea, the iron-red dirt or the brilliant granite… Which color will remind you of your holidays to Elba?

A diverse, multifaceted land, Elba is rich with history and nature. Enjoy stunning sunsets from the beaches of Chiessi and Pomonte, or from the terrace of Capoliveri. Search for orchids on the breathtaking trails between the valleys and the cliffs overlooking the fragrant Mediterranean Sea. Or dive right into it with a deep-sea excursion. Let winds that have ruled the island for centuries guide you on your Elba holidays. Every place, every grain of sand, every breath brings unique stories of the land and the sea, varied and fascinating like the landscapes of the island.

Sports for everyone, from experienced to novice. On the Isola d’Elba you can scuba-dive at Scoglietto of Portoferraio or another island south of Elba. Or do you prefer snorkeling off the coast of an Elba Island beach, like at the shipwreck of Pomonte? Want a hike on the Trail of Butterflies or mountain bike adventure at the Capoliveri Bike Park? Consult your map of Elba and take detour to the legendary mines. Island Elba is extremely diverse and offers solutions for every type of athlete. Whether it’s sailing, archery, climbing, diving, swimming, or golf that you crave, Elba has something for you. It is impossible to get bored!

Book your flights to Elba and quench your thirst for exploration. For those adventure-loving tourists, taking your holidays Elba style is perfect. Follow the footsteps of the island’s prehistoric past in the style of Indiana Jones. There are wonderful hiking trails that lead you up Mount Capanne. You will see breathtaking views of the Dolomites, discover the houses of old shepherds, Stele, and menhirs like Pietra Murata and Sassi Erect (the name says it all!) Check out the prehistoric tombs of Piane della Sughera, and don’t forget your compass, water and camera.

Gaze into infinity from the mountain in the sea. It takes about twenty minutes to reach the summit of Mount Capanne. It is an exciting trip up in a gondola, and you will get stunning views of Elba, an isle south of Elba, the Tuscan Archipelago, and even the mainland. From up here you can really understand the charm and magic, the mountain, and the sea that have thrived here for centuries. Take your hermitage Elba style on the island shaped like a fish. Elba is rich with life, an abundant paradise in the middle of the stunning blue Tyrrhenian Sea.

Simple ingredients and unforgettable flavors.This fresh, delicious food year-round is all thanks to the Elba island weather, temperate and optimal for farming. How does fish tasted when cooked on the seashore? Elba is sprinkled with restaurants perched on sea coves where you can enjoy aperitifs or dinners rich with the delicate tastes of the sea that you can enjoy on your Elba island holidays. The pleasant sounds of the waves crashing on the coast will keep you company. More rustic palates will be amazed by the tasty experimental interpretations of traditional dishes. These dishes are popular in the mining towns on the eastern side of the island. Always accompany these plates with the famous Aleatico DOCG wine, unique and intense, like our island.

Learn about the island through its fragrances. Like those that waft up from marina di Campo Elba. Discover the local flora, search for the sea lily Illyrian on the dunes of Lacona and bask in the beauty of the secular yew trees and the Poggio. These ancient beauties are evidence of the ancient Tertiary forest. Look for Elba accommodation in the midst of giant prickly pears. Admire the blooming gorse flowers as you drive up the road from Calone (above Lovers Beach) that leads up to the Vallone Mine. Couples beware: the heady scents can cause sudden surges of passion!

Stories from Elba:

The island’s extraordinary biodiversity reflects its complex history, and vice-versa. This unexpected synergy of nature and history will surprise and delight you.

Legend has it that Aphrodite emerged from waves of the Tyrrhenian Sea to meet her beloved Eros who was waiting on the shore. In doing so, she lost the pearl necklace given to her by Paris. Seven of these pearls, instead of sinking, remained on the surface and became the seven islands of the Tuscan Archipelago. Among them: Elba. The island is a big rock shaped like a fish-swimming west. Lush, green, and full of life, her heart is made of precious metals and gems. The legends and history of her people are still the anchors of the island, the common thread that unites nature and history and that perfectly illustrates the charming yet powerful Island of Elba.

Ancient peoples and flourishing trade. Human beings came to Elba around 4,000 years ago, but it was with the arrival of the Etruscan-Roman people that Elba became a center of trade. Elba exported its gorgeous chestnut wood, which Europeans desired for civil and naval construction and to feed the coal mines. Elba also exported wine and crops from every fertile hill and valley, all just a few meters from the sea. Classic homes, castles and villas in Elba were desired by every European citizen. In the same houses in which they lived centuries ago you can see the remnants of unlucky amphorae that fell to the bottom of the sea during unsuccessful water crossings. These houses have become the classic museums in which Elba’s glory is relived.

From the Middle Ages to the Renaissance, under the threat of the black sails. The Moorish pirates, sailing from Algeria and Turkey, attacked Elba and the Tuscan Archipelago for thousands of years. Numerous coves and beaches, now renowned for their natural beauty, still carry the memory of the bloody events. Visit Cala Rossa in Barbarossa or Innamorata Beach, which tells the story of Maria and Lorenzo and their young love struck down by the Saracens.

Many fortresses were created in defense against the pirates. Today these glorious buildings, fused with rock and granite, are part of the island itself. You cannot miss a visit to Volterraio, the tower of San Giovanni, and the fortified town of Portoferraio, a stunning example of Renaissance architecture built for Cosimo I de 'Medici. He named it "Cosmopolis" and filled it with ramparts and defense systems by exploiting the natural resources of the surrounding land.

Napoleon, emperor of the island. A few centuries later, the French tyrant headed to Elba to recover strength and take a break from his wars. Enchanted by the rich landscape and nature, he restored ancient villas, like the mills of Portoferraio and San Martino. He dedicated the lovely theater of Watchers to his sister Pauline and constructed numerous gardens which he adorned with citrus and exotic plants. Napoleon’s legacy also includes schools, new crops, administrative and civic structures that helped him win the love of the people of Elba. He brought a certain European rejuvenation to Elba that you can still feel today.

Contemporary history and conflict. Many European armories were constructed on Elba during the two great wars due to its prime location and large supply of iron resources. The tunnels between Procchio and Biodola, which were the firing positions of Chief Poro, are evidence of this. Other remnants include the military barracks and powder magazines of Cape Enfola and the naval customs patrols of Chiessi and Monte Grosso. As you walk Elba’s trails you will discover ancient walls covered in moss and steeped in stories of the soldiers, generals, peasants and their donkeys that carried water and food. In their honor, you will find the “Millelire” donkey tributes on various promontories around the gulf. These tributes commemorate the landing of the Anglo-American troops on June 17th, 1944 who went on to liberate Elba. You can relive this experience, “at the pace of a donkey,” through many of the themed excursions on historical routes around the island.

Myths, legends and stories are intertwined with the sea, the rocks and the trails of Elba. She is filled with a stunning history to be told and relived. Bit by bit, you will grasp the stories the wind whispers. And you, like the first inhabitants of the island, will be enchanted by its beauty and never want to leave.


Elba Island is the third largest and largest Italian island in the Tuscan Archipelago, located not far from the Tuscan coast. It is mainly famous for its many beaches, over one hundred, which make it an ideal destination for seaside tourism, especially in summer. Its conformation, however, also makes it a valid option for lovers of trekking, mountain biking and walking: the views are breathtaking everywhere, characterized by lush greenery, sea, mountains and sky. The characteristic villages and villages, not only seafaring, are places where you can breathe a history that has its roots up to the time of the ancient Romans, to get to more recent times when it was a place of exile for Napoleon, before his brief return and the definitive defeat. The vestiges of Bonaparte's passage can be found in the two villas that were the site of his imprisonment, which can be visited all year round.

The climate of Elba is that classic maritime, with temperatures very mitigated even in winter. The days with rain are on average quite scarce, particularly in the summer months.

The prevailing wind is the Mistral (north-west) which contributes to making the days spent at the sea less sultry and more pleasant; during the summer it alternates with the less fresh Scirocco (south-east).

On the contrary, the Libeccio (south-west) and the Ponente (west), although they are less frequent winds, when blowing they make themselves felt by shaking the sea considerably.

It rarely happens that connections with ferries to the continent are completely suspended due to bad weather. During the year it can happen, at most once or twice and in any case only in winter and almost never for the whole day.

Practically nonexistent, if not in some sporadic winter days the freezing winds of Tramontana (north) and Grecale (north-east), in any case, thanks to the particular conformation of the coasts, the island always offers a point close to it, any wind can rage.

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